Michigan State University (MSU) provides email services to its students, faculty, and staff to facilitate the academic and administrative functions that support the University’s mission of teaching, research, and service. The University’s email services are neither open to the general public, nor are they intended for general public communication. The University’s email services are not intended as a forum for the expression of personal opinions. Other means exist in the University community for the expression and dissemination of personal opinions on matters of interest within the University community. Rather, the University’s email services are provided to support the University’s instructional, public service, research, and administrative objectives.
This Administrative Ruling regulates the use of email by internal users of MSUnet, Michigan State University’s data network. (1)
This Administrative Ruling applies to all internal users of MSU email services and to all emails sent to or from a MSU email account, regardless of the location or name of the source account from which those users may send email messages.
- Bulk email: The transmission of an identical or substantially identical email message within a 48-hour period from an internal user to more than 10 other internal users who have not elected to receive such email.
- Internal user: Any University employee, student, or other individual who is assigned a University NetID.
- Unsolicited Email: Email received by a person who has not elected to receive the email by having indicated a prior interest and willingness to receive communications from the sender (e.g., having previously sent a communication to the sender to which the sender may be responding; being an acquaintance of the sender; belonging to a set of individuals who have chosen to affiliate and communicate with one another for a particular University purpose). Unsolicited email is often known colloquially as “spam.”
IV. Personal and Commercial Use of the University’s Email Service
The University’s email services are not provided for private or personal use. Incidental personal uses of the email system are permitted as long as they do not violate: the law; restrictions that derive from the University’s tax-exempt status; University policies, ordinances, rules, and guidelines; and contracts the University has made. The University’s email services may not be used for commercial or profit-making purposes unrelated to University business.
V. Regulations Regarding Bulk-Emailing
The volume of unsolicited email (“spam”) that users of University email services receive is large and continues to increase. Significant University resources must be expended to identify, process, delete, and block unwanted “spam” email. This “spam” also diminishes the perceived value of other email received and may obscure important messages. Therefore, this Administrative Ruling regulates the use of bulk email in order to promote institutional operating efficiency and the effectiveness of electronic communications within the MSU community.
A. Broad Cross-University Mailing
University offices may use bulk e-mail only to send academic or administrative communications necessary to some aspect of the University’s operations or mission. Such communications typically involve action to be taken individually by the recipients of the communications. Such communications include:
- Dissemination of urgent information regarding the health and safety of University students and employees.
- Distribution of information regarding changes to University policies or procedures, or actions that affect employment or compensation status or status as a student.
- Notices (for example, to University employees) that are required by law, regulation, or University policy for which bulk e-mail replaces paper transmittal.
B. Targeted Mailing
University offices may create and use mailing lists for communicating with targeted University audiences having a special interest in the specific information being distributed (e.g., account signers, budget and business officers, academic advisors). Offices are encouraged to use alternate methods of communication, such as listservs and websites, as much as possible for distribution of information of interest to specific sets of internal users. Faculty and other instructional staff may email targeted sub-populations having a special interest in the information being distributed, such as students enrolled in a particular course.
Students, faculty, staff, and administrative offices may use email targeted to members of committees, clubs or organizations, work groups, and other sets of individuals who are affiliated for a particular University purpose, if the email is relevant to their business or concerns. Academic governance bodies, standing committees of Academic Council, all-University student government groups, and major governing groups wishing to communicate by bulk email with internal users outside of their regular constituencies must obtain approval from the appropriate administrative office prior to sending such communications. (2) All-University student government groups and major governing groups must obtain approval from the Office of the Vice President for Student Affairs and Services. Academic governance bodies and standing committees of Academic Council must obtain approval from the Office of the Provost.
Use of mailing lists and listservs which recipients may voluntarily opt-in and opt-out of is encouraged. Because the recipients have elected to participate in the listserv and mailing list, this type of email distribution is not included in the definition of “bulk email” in this Administrative Ruling.
C. Uses Within Administrative Units
Any individual academic or administrative unit (major administrative unit, department, division, office) may, at its own discretion and solely within its own unit, permit the use of bulk email for communications among the unit’s faculty, students, and staff, such as announcements, newsletters, and notices on the unit’s own governance and concerns.
Academic and administrative units, committees, registered student organizations, work groups, and other sets of individuals who are affiliated for a particular University purpose, may perform surveys by email within the group membership if the survey is relevant to the group’s business or concerns. For example, a survey may be conducted with the faculty or students within an academic program for administrative and assessment purposes; administrative units, committees, or registered student organizations may survey their constituents about matters related to governance or internal concerns; event or program administrators may survey participants for assessment and program evaluation purposes.
All other surveys conducted by email, particularly surveys in which the intended survey subjects are outside of the surveyor’s “regular constituency” (in the sense described in Paragraph 2 of Section V.B) or would perceive the survey request as “unsolicited” in the sense of Definition III.C, must receive prior approval by the appropriate University office(s), as set forth below. Surveys may not interfere with MSU’s employee relationships developed through collective bargaining agreements, or with MSU’s own surveying or related activity bearing on University interests such as research, external reporting, or participation in multi-institutional studies. If a proposed survey involves related follow-up or sequential surveys and clearly describes these in the initial request for approval, the subsequent surveys will not require separate approvals if the initial proposal is approved.
- Surveys that are intended to include students must be approved by and coordinated through the Office of the Registrar. The Registrar will consult with and obtain the approval of the Dean of Undergraduate Studies for surveys intended to include undergraduate students, the Dean of the Graduate School for studies intended to include graduate students and, in turn, the Chair of the Committee on Release of Confidential Information and Surveys that are not being sent to students must be approved by and coordinated through IT Services. IT Services will expect that additional applicable approvals will have been obtained by the requestor, and may assist the requestor in consulting with the appropriate offices to obtain those approvals.
- Surveys intended to include MSU employees must be reviewed and approved in advance by the Office of Employee Relations. The Office of Employee Relations will consult with and obtain the approval of Academic Human Resources for surveys intended to include MSU faculty or academic staff, and the Dean of the Graduate School for surveys intended to include graduate student employees. Employee Relations may also consult with or need to obtain the approval of the appropriate collective bargaining unit(s).
- For all surveys, if the results of a survey might be published, the survey must be approved in advance by the MSU Human Research Protection Program.
- All surveys must be carefully targeted to reach only legitimate subjects of the survey. Surveys of large groups (e.g., all faculty, all staff) should be conducted through stratified samples of the group rather than by surveying all group members.
- Bulk email associated with a survey should be minimal in content, containing an invitation to the survey explaining its purpose and providing a link to the survey itself at a separate website.
- The Office of the Registrar or IT Services may charge a fee for assisting with a survey.
- Survey requests are rarely accepted from non-University requestors.
VI. Design Guidelines
Judicious and well-managed use of email, even for permitted purposes, is critical to maintaining recipients’ perception of the validity and effectiveness of electronic communications. The following design guidelines are strongly suggested for email distributions originating within the MSU community:
- Use bulk email infrequently and for reasons of high value to the recipients.
- Keep bulk email messages short.
- Always use a valid MSUnet address in the “From” line.
- Always use a clear, specific and non-empty subject line.
- Use plain text; avoid HTML.
- For bulk emailing, clearly identify in the body of the message the originating unit or individual, the set of individuals being e-mailed, and the purpose of the message.
- Use URLs rather than attachments to refer readers to policy or practice statements, and to long content.
- Do not include or attach personal, confidential, or sensitive information. To assure the integrity of student education records, consult Michigan State University Access to Student Information.
- Carefully target lists of recipients to minimize the number of people who receive any given bulk emailing.
- Do not assume that all targeted individuals will receive the email (i.e., do not disadvantage those who may not receive the email).
- Send large quantities of bulk email at non-peak times for email traffic (e.g., after 5:00 p.m. and before noon).
- Use existing targeted mailing lists and listservs whenever possible, within the permitted uses of the lists. Recipients should be allowed to opt-in and opt-out of listservs at their own discretion.
- Use the “blind carbon copy” (bcc:) address field to suppress a long list of addresses in the “To” field.
- Email sent to students must comply with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act; see MSU’s Student Records and the Federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and should be sent using the “blind carbon copy” (bcc:) address field to suppress names of students to whom the email is being addressed.
Complaints regarding alleged violations of this Administrative Ruling should be directed to email@example.com for consideration by MSUnet administrators. Users who violate this Administrative Ruling may be subject to revocation or limitation of email privileges or referral for disciplinary action under established University procedures.
This document was originally implemented on November 21, 2004, and was updated in September 2007 and May 2009. In June 2009 edits were made to clarify the Surveys section and to correct name and Web address references.
The following groups were consulted in the development of this document:
- Council of Deans (Fall 2003)
- Provost’s staff (Fall 2003, Spring 2004)
- Vice President for Finance and Operations staff (Fall 2003, Spring 2004)
- CORE group of vice presidents (Summer 2004)
- Communications and Computer Systems Advisory Committees
- Network Communications Committee (Fall 2004)
- Instructional Computing and Technology Committee (Fall 2004)
- Information Services and Technologies Coordinating Council (March 2009)
- University Committee on Student Affairs (April 2009)
- University Committee on Faculty Affairs (April 2009)
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(1) – Other University policies may also regulate the use of the University’s electronic resources, including the Acceptable Use Policy for MSU Information Technology Resources.
(2) – For example, the regular constituency of ASMSU is all undergraduate students; the regular constituency of COGS is all graduate and graduate-professional students; the regular constituency of UCFA is all faculty.
Questions regarding this Administrative Ruling should be directed to the Vice Provost and CIO for IT Services, Computer Center, 450 Auditorium Road, Room 400, East Lansing, MI 48824. Phone (517) 353-0722.
Revised on 20 June 2012 to change “Academic Technology Services” and “ATS” to “IT Services.” Also changed “Vice Provost for Libraries, Computing and Technology” to “CIO and Director of Information Technology” and updated the address based on the MSU Campus Addressing Project.
22 June 2009 – Administrative Ruling
Revised on 10 June 2013 to update to “email” from the previous “e-mail” spelling.